Debian & IPV6
I'm lucky enough to have an Internet provider which gives me a free /64 ipv6 network. And I'm geek enough to try it just to know about it.
Things you should know
When your computer is behind a router. Only your router has an ip (ipv4) address on the internet. All the computer in your LAN use a system called NAT to access Internet. That's why you need to configure your router to forward specific TCP port if you want to access a computer through ssh, ftp or web. So using a router brings a little security to your LAN.
With IPV6, every computer in your LAN is directly connected to Internet so your router does not bring any security at all. You absolutely NEED to configure an IPV6 firewall.
I really don't want it
Starting with Sarge (at least) IPV6 is built in the kernel. So if you don't want it you'll have to explicitly disable it. There's is many known methods, I'll only link to them (I didn't tried any of them) :
Check if everything is working
There is many way to check if it's working :
Ping an IPV6 server (here www.kame.net) :
Check if your DNS work correctly :
aptitude install host host www.kame.net
you should get two lines :
www.kame.net has address 22.214.171.124 www.kame.net has IPv6 address 2001:200:0:8002:203:47ff:fea5:3085
Try your internet browser
There is many sites to check if you got an IPV6 address :
- http://www.sixxs.net/ (check the upper right)
- http://www.kame.net/ (you should see a dancing kame, Note that I never got it working with Iceweasel 2.X although the other were working fine. After an upgrade I can confirm that Iceweasel 3.X show a dancing kame)
- many more
What is cool about IPV6 ?
The number one reason is that it's much more fun to remember eight groups of four hexadecimal digits than four numbers between 0 and 255. Honestly there is no real interest to have a working IPV6 setup now. There is still some interesting things to do :
- See a dancing kame : http://www.kame.net
- IPV6 torrent trackers, IPV6 video on demand, ... : http://www.sixxs.net/misc/coolstuff/
creating an IPV6 firewall is as almost the same as for IPV4, the difference lies in the name of the program to use :
- iptables -> ip6tables
- iptables-save -> ip6tables-save
- iptables-restore -> ip6tables-restore
You can check my other howto about netfilter.
You really shouldn't use it , as it totally blocks any IPV6 communications :
#!/bin/sh ip6tables -F ip6tables -X ip6tables -P INPUT DROP ip6tables -P OUTPUT DROP ip6tables -P FORWARD DROP
Warning : this firewall may be totally fucked up and may allow aliens to take control of your computer.
#!/bin/sh ip6tables -F ip6tables -X # Default rules ip6tables -P INPUT DROP ip6tables -P FORWARD DROP ip6tables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT # lo connection are OK ip6tables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT ip6tables -A FORWARD -i lo -j ACCEPT ip6tables -A FORWARD -o lo -j ACCEPT # We allow ssh ip6tables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -m state --state NEW -j ACCEPT # We allow ping be with a limit ip6tables -A INPUT -p ipv6-icmp -m limit --limit 30/minute -j ACCEPT ip6tables -A INPUT -p ipv6-icmp -j DROP # already TCP et UDP connections are allowed ip6tables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT ip6tables -A INPUT -p udp -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT echo "Use ip6tables-save to update the rules for the next startup"